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Important information about

Scoliosis

Scoliosis

"SCOLIOSIS is a sideways curvature of the spine that most often is diagnosed in adolescents. While scoliosis can occur in people with conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most childhood scoliosis is unknown."

In more than 80 percent of cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown — a condition called idiopathic scoliosis. In other cases, scoliosis may develop as a result of degeneration of the spinal discs, as seen with arthritis, osteoporosis or as a hereditary condition that tends to run in families.

scolio1

SIGN & SYMPTOMS

  • Uneven shoulders
  • One shoulder blade that appears more prominent than the other
  • Uneven waist
  • One hip higher than the other
  • One side of the rib cage jutting forward
  • One side of the rib cage jutting forward

TYPE OF SCOLIOSIS

  • SRUCTURAL SCOLIOSISIS

By far the most common category of scoliosis. It involves spinal rotation in addition to the side-to-side curvature of the spine. This type of scoliosis affects the spine’s structure and is considered permanent unless the spine receives treatment.

 

  • NONSTRUCTURAL SCOLIOSIS

Also known as functional scoliosis, results from a temporary cause and only involves a side-to-side curvature of the spine (no spinal rotation). The spine’s structure is still normal

Risk Factors for Scoliosis: Don't Ignore These!

[1] AGE 

Signs and symptoms typically begin in adolescence

[2] SEX 

Although both boys and girls develop mild scoliosis at about the same rate, girls have a much higher risk of the curve worsening and requiring treatment

[3] FAMILY HISTORY

Scoliosis can run in families, but most children with scoliosis don’t have a family history of the disease

 

How Physiotherapy Treatment help Scoliosis

(1) Hot/Cold Therapy

Applied to enhance relaxation and reduce pain. It is important to use ice after exercise and after any activity that causes discomfort

 

(2) TENS

Used to relieve the pain. Electric stimulation will helps to improve the blood circulation, thus enhancing the healing process and reducing any swelling or discomfort

 

(3) Exercise

Stretching and strengthening exercises need to be done regularly. Exercises will restore the movement and maintain the adequate strength and stability of the spine (lumbar) joint

 

(4) Mulligan Techniques

Designed to reduce pain and improve the patient’s range of motion the Mulligan technique involves Natural Apophyseal Glides (NAGS), Sustained Natural Apophyseal Glides (SNAGS) and Mobilization with Movement (MWM) for the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries

 

(5) Joint Mobilization

Decelerating the progression of the curve and reducing the already increased magnitude of the curve